KAMERA ANGLE

Posted: February 25, 2013 in Let's Make A Movie

            Kamera angle adalah teknik pengambilan gambar dari sudut pandang tertentu untuk mengekspose adegan. Sudut pengambilan gambar atau kamera angle ini merupakan sudut penempatan kamera sewaktu pengambilan gambar terhadap suatu objek. Dengan sudut yang menarik, itu bisa menghasilkan suatu shot yang menarik pula, dengan perspektif yang unik dan menciptakan image tertentu pada gambar yang disajikan.

            Menentukan kamera angle atau sudut pengambilan gambar tidak semudah menata interior ruangan. Lebih dari itu, perlu digambarkan kemungkinan dan efek tampilan gambar yang dihasilkan dengan menggunakan peta ruang produksi tampak atas, atau yang disebut Floor Plan. Dan, termasuk didalamnya ialah kamera ketinggian kamera, serta letak tata lampu pendukung adegan.

            Sudut pengambilan kamera (camera angle) yang dipergunakan untuk mengambil gambar sebuah objek akan mempengaruhi sikap penonton. Intercut yang dilakukan antara High Angle dan Low Angle dari seseorang akan memperlihatkan pengaruh yang dimaksud kesan psikologies. Ada lima teknik sudut pengambilan gambar yang biasa dilakukan oleh seorang kameramen ketika hendak melakukan pengambilan gambar terhadap suatu objek. Kelima teknik tersebut adalah sebagai berikut :

1. Bird Eye View (Pandangan Mata Burung)

            Teknik Bird Eye View adalah teknik pengambilan gambar yang dilakukan dengan posisi kamera berada lebih tinggi daripada objek yang diambil. Hasilnya akan menunjukan adanya lingkungan yang luas, dan benda – benda lain tampak kecil dan berserakan. Pengambilan gambar semacam ini tidak ada ukuran ketinggian tertentu, melainkan atas kebutuhan dan sense kali ditemukan pengambilan gambar, yang bisanya menggunaka helicopter maupun dari gedung – gedung tinggi.

2. High Angle

            High Angle adalah sudut pengambilan gambar tepat diatas objek, sehingga tampak terekspose dari bagian atas. Posisi kamera lebih tinggi di atas mata objek yang akan diambil, sehingga kamera harus di Tilt Down (menunduk) untuk mengambil objeknya. Teknik pengambilan gambar seperti ini memberi kesan pendek, kecil, rendah , hina, perasaan kesepian, kurang gairah, dan bawahan. Teknik High Angle ini hampir sama dengan Bird Eye View . Tetapi, secara sederhana, perbedaan dari kedua teknik ini (top angle) terletak pada Point Of View atau sudut pandang kamera. High Angle lebih sederhana hasilnya dibandingkan Bird Eye View, meskipun teknis Bird Eye View tampak lebih damatis dan berkesn dinamis, seperti penglihatan burung dari atas.

3. Normal Angle (Eye Level)

            Normal Angle adalah sudut pengambilan gambar  yang menunjukan posisi kamera sejajar dengan ketinggian mata objek yang diambil. Hasilnya memperlihatkan pandangan mata seseorang. Teknik ini tidak memiliki kesan dramatis, melainkan kesan wajar. Biasanya, teknik itu banyak digunakan ketika wawancara atau Profil Shot. Teknik tersebut dipahami sebagai standar pengambilan gambar dalam ketinggian relative sedang, kurang lebih sejajar dengan tinggi kameraman. Maka, gambar yang dihasilkan datar dan cenderung monoton bila dieksekusi tanpa variasi lain.

4. Low Angle (Frog Eye View)

            Low Angle adalah teknik pengambilan gambar dari bawah objek, seperti pandangan mata kodok. Sudut pengambilan gambar ini merupakan kebalikan High Angle. Kesan yang dtimbulkan dari sudut pandang itu adalah keagungan, kekuasaan, kuat, dominan, dan dinamis.

5. Over Shoulder

            Over Shoulder adalah sudut pengambilan gambar dari belakang bahu salah satu objek. Shot ini menjadi alternative pengambilan gambar Two Shot Objek yang sedang berdialog. Langkah pengambilan gambar dengan Over Shoulder menjadi alternative solusi juga untuk adegan dialog agar terkesan mengambil gambar terlalu frontal sehingga seperti reportase. (Riezky Adrian, 25/2/2013).

 

 

Comments
  1. mau koreksi sedikit.. maaf jika tidak berkenan..🙂
    Low Angle berbeda dengan Frog Eye..
    Jika pada Low Angle, sudut pengambilan gambar mengarah ke atas, sedangkan pada Frog Eye, sudutnya datar dan camera sejajar dengan ground objek (camera tidak diarahkan ke atas)

    • elmaroune says:

      @ Mohamad Tri Ramdhani : Oke, saya terima koreksi anda. Terkadang dalam penulisan seseorang tidak sepenuhnya sempurna&saya sangat meng-apresiasi saran anda. Thanks🙂

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